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R2 Document: A form of authorisation document that foreign managers of logistics operators must have in compliance with the Road Transportation Act. These remain valid for five years, unless the terms of the act have been violated.

Rack: A secure or flexible storage equipment made of metal, wood or plastic that is used in the warehouse to get order, put the goods on or use the height.

Rack-Supported Warehouse: A type of building that uses the rack system to store goods, as well as the system of bearing for the warehouse building. It is covered with facade and roof panels after the rack system is built, and mechanical and electrical systems are built integrated into the rack system. Thus, unlike classic warehouse shelves, warehouse shelves supported by rack can not be removed and relocated or put elsewhere without damaging the structure.


Radar Overlay

Radio Frequency (RF): A type of wireless communication that allows users to relay information from a terminal to a base station through electromagnetic energy waves, which in turn is connected to a host computer. The terminal may be placed at a fixed station, mounted on a forklift truck, or held in the hand of a worker. The base station includes a transmitter and receiver for terminal communications. RF systems use transmissions of either narrow-band or spread-spectrum. Narrow-band transmissions of data travel along a single, narrow radio frequency, while transmissions of spread-spectrum pass across several different frequencies. If paired with a system of barcodes to classify product objects, a radio frequency system can r.

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID): The use of radio frequency technology for marking objects, such as RFID tags and tag readers. Objects can include almost anything physical, such as appliances, stock pallets, or even individual product units.

Rail Consignment Note: A receipt paper which is used in train transport. It does not function as an instrument of negotiation.

Rail Guided Aisle: An aisle with guided rails that enables the stackers of narrow aisles to travel in a certain direction.

Railway transport

Ramp Rate: A statement that quantifies how quickly a growth curve of an organization increases or expands. Can apply to sales profits and margins.

Rationing: Consumer allocation among customers, or components between manufactured goods during shorter delivery periods. It is sold to those who are willing to pay the most when price is used to distribute the product.

Raw Materials (RM): Crude or manufactured material which can be turned into a new and useful commodity by manufacturing, refining or a combination of it.

RE Return containers suitable for carriage in temperature-controlled condition


Real Time: Data processing in a business application as it occurs, as compared with data storage at a later time for feedback (batch processing).

Receiving: The role includes physical reception of products, shipment inspection for purchase order compliance (quantity and damage), identification and delivery to destination, and the preparation of receiving reports.

Receiving Dock: Place of distribution center where there is actual physical receipt from the carrier of the purchased content.

Reengineering: (1) A thorough rethinking and radical overhaul of business processes to bring about dramatic performance changes. (2) A term used to describe the process (usually) of making significant and important changes or modifications to business processes. (3) Also called Business Process Reengineering.

Refrigerated Carriers: Truckload carrier designed to keep healthy refrigerated perishables. This form of carrier is usually employed by the food industry.

Release-to-Start Manufacturing: Average time from order release to delivery before production process starts. Usually, this cycle time may be required to support activities such as moving material and line changes.

Replenishment: The method of transferring or resupplying inventory from a reserve (or upstream) storage location or facility to a main (or downstream) storage or collection location, or to another storage mode in which the collection is carried out.

Repositioning charges

Request for Information (RFI): A document used to request vendor, product and service details prior to a structured RFQ / RFP phase.

Request for Proposal (RFP): A document which provides information about a manufacturer’s needs and requirements. This paper is produced to lobby prospective suppliers for proposals. A computer manufacturer, for example, may use an RFP to elicit proposals from third party logistics services providers.

Request for Quote (RFQ): A document that is used to request vendor responses when a product has been identified and price quotes from several vendors are requested.

Resellers: Intermediate organizations, such as wholesalers and distributors, in the production and distribution process.

Resource Driver: In cost accounting, the best single quantitative measure of the frequency and intensity of demands that other tools, events, or cost artifacts put on a resource. It is used to assign resource costs to artifacts of operation and expense, or to other resources.

Resources: Economic elements added or used in operation output, or to directly support cost artifacts. These include people, products, resources, machinery, technology and equipment.

Retailer: A business that takes the title of goods and resells them to end customers. Examples include Wal-Mart, Best Buy, and Safeway as well as the many smaller, independent stores.

Return Disposal Costs: The costs of disposing or recycling items returned because of consumer rejections, end of life, or obsolescence.

Return Goods Handling: Processes involving returning products to supplier from the consumer. Items can be returned due to performance issues or simply because consumers do not like the product.

Return Material Authorization or Return Merchandise Authorization (RMA): A number typically created to identify and offer authority to return to a distribution center or fabricator for a defective (maybe) product. A typically needed form with a warranty / return that lets the customer define the original product and the reason for the return. Also, the RMA number serves as an order form for the work required in repair cases, or as a credit approval guide.

Return on Assets (ROA): Financial measure calculated by dividing profit by assets.

Return on Sales: Financial measure calculated by dividing profit by sales.

Return Order Management Costs: The costs of operating the Return Material Authorization (RMA) service. Contains all relevant elements of the expense of overall supply chain management for the Tier 2 portion order management.

Return Product Authorization (RPA): Often called Permission for Return Material or Products (RMA or RGA). A typically needed form with a warranty/return that lets the customer define the original product and the reason for the return. The RPA number also acts as an order form for the work required in repair cases, or as a credit approval guide.

Return to Vendor (RTV): Stuff that has been refused for repair or replacement by the customer or the purchaser’s inspection department and awaits shipment back to the manufacturer.

Returns Inventory Costs: For any of the following reasons, the costs associated with inventory management returned: repair, refurbishment, waste, obsolescence, end of life, ecological compliance, and demonstration. Includes all relevant elements of the Overall Supply Chain Management Expense Inventory Carrying Cost portion of level 2.

Returns Material Acquisition, Finance, Planning, and IT Costs: The costs of purchasing the defective products and supplies for fixing or refurbishing objects, plus the expense of funding, preparation, and information technology to support return activities. Includes all applicable elements of the Level 2 product material acquisition cost (acquisition of repair materials), supply chain-related funding and preparation costs, and supply chain management costs.

Returns Processing Cost: The overall cost of handling replacements, refurbished, unused, obsolete, and end-of-life goods, including diagnosing issues and replacing products. Includes logistics support costs, equipment, administrative services, service requests for troubleshooting, on-site diagnosis and repair, external, and miscellaneous repairs. Such costs are split into costs associated with Returns Order Management, Returns Product Carrying, Returns Content Procurement, Accounting, Preparation, Storage, Disposal, and Warranty.

Returns to Scale: A characteristic which defines B2B. Bigger would be better. It’s what produces the reputation of most B2B hubs becoming “winner takes all.” It also puts a premium on being first on the market and hitting critical mass in the first place.

REX Registered Exporter

Reverse Engineering: A mechanism by which products of rivals are disassembled and analyzed to show the use of better technologies, materials, and techniques.

Reverse Logistics: A specialist logistics division that focuses on transporting and handling goods and resources after the sale and after distribution to the customer. Provides repair and/or refund returns on goods.

RFID: Radio Frequency Identification.

RGA: Return Goods Authorization.

RID RID is the abbreviation of the French title of the European treaty on the international transport of hazardous substances by rail: Regulations concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by rail

RIS River Information Service

RMA: Return Material Authorization

RO/RO This relates to the Roll on / Roll off concept (Ro / Ro) in which mobile material is moved on board a ship, directly or on mafis, without using cranes. To this end, special Ro-Ro vessels were built, which should not be confused with the special car carriers

Road Transport

Roller Conveyor: An apparatus that moves goods or shipping cases (pallets, containers, etc.) placed on it by rolling cylindrical casts.

Roof Fairings: An integrated air deflector mounted on the top of the cab.

Root Cause Analysis: Analytical methods to determine the core problem(s) of an organization, process, products, market, etc.

Route Trucks Delivery: Trucks that travel fixed routes.

Routing or Routing Guide: (1) Determination cycle of how the shipment will pass between origin and destination. Routing information includes the name of the carrier(s) concerned, the real carrier route and the calculation of the time on the way. (2) The shipper’s right to decide carriers, routes, and move shipping locations. (3) This is the document in manufacturing which defines a process of steps used to make and/or assemble a product.

Routing Accuracy: If specified operations adhere to administrative requirements, and specified resource consumptions (both man and machine) are defined in compliance with administrative specifications and are within 10 percent of real needs.

RTA Required Time of Arrival.

Rules: Documented definitions of how work is to be performed.