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DAF Delivered at Frontier: Delivered At Frontier (DAF) means that the seller fulfills his duty of delivery when the cleared goods were delivered at the specified border crossing, at the designated boundary, before the neighboring country’s customs frontier.

Damage protection plan(DPP): Damage Protection Plan (DPP) is extra container protection, given to its customers by the container leasing companies. When the customer pays a small daily fee, he is covered by the leasing company against certain forms of damage or maintenance costs for the containers it rents.

Damages for Detention : Penalty if the ship is not ready to work when it arrives. This is not detention paid on pause for ships.

Dangerous goods Declaration : This Declaration of Hazardous Goods must be issued by the shipping company according to the regulations of the IMDG. The shipping company must decide on the basis of this information whether the goods can be approved for transport. The shipping company may refuse the cargo if this information is not provided in time or if it is incorrect.

DAP Delivered at Place : Delivered at Place, DAP, (agreed place of destination), non-maritime condition. Cost and risk transfer occurs when the goods are not cleared and removed from the means of transport arriving and are available to the customer at the negotiated destination. The seller has fulfilled his obligation to deliver as long as the goods are not cleared and unloaded from the means of transport arriving, they are available at the place of destination decided upon..

DAT Delivered at Terminal: Cost and risk transfer arises when the commodities are not cleared and unloaded from the means of transport arriving and are accessible to the buyer at the negotiated destination terminal. The seller has met his duty to deliver on the negotiated destination terminal as long as the goods are not cleared and unloaded from the arriving means of transport.

DC Distribution Centre/ Donau Commission: The storage facility that maintains inventory from manufacturing to the correct stores awaiting shipment.

DDC Destination Delivery Charge

DDP Delivery Duty paid: Cost and risk transfer occurs after custom cleared goods and duties paid, but not discharged, made available to the customer at the designated destination location. The seller has fulfilled his obligation to deliver when the items are personalized and taxes on imports are paid, not unloaded at the purchaser’s disposal at the place of destination called.

DDU Delivery Duty Unpaid: Delivered Duty Unpaid (DDU) means that when the goods were delivered at the designated location in the importing country, the seller fulfills his delivery obligation. The seller bears the risks and costs associated with transportation to that location, with the exception of duty, taxes and other official levies payable upon importation and excluding the costs to be met for customs formalities.

Deadhead: Removal of an empty container to its original location

Dead on Arrival(DOA): A term used to describe products which are not functional when delivered

Dead Freight: Dead freight is a sum to be charged by a shipper if the shipper does not allow the use of the space reserved on a truck or vessel. Late modifications or cancelations can result in dead freight charges or late cancelation fees.

Deadweight Tons(DWT): A vessel’s cargo carrying capacity, including fuel oil, stores and supplies.

Deadweight All Told: Deadweight all told (DWAT) or a vessel’s gross deadweight tonnage expresses the number of goods the vessel will carry including provisions, lubricants, and fuels.

Deadweight cargo Capacity: Deadweight Cargo Capacity (DWCC), or the net deadweight tonnage of a vessel, only expresses how much pure cargo can be loaded, without provisions, lubricant and fuels for the vessel.

Declared Value for Carriage: The value of the goods reported on a consignment note by the shipper for the purpose of determining a freight rate or the carrier’s limit of liability

De-consolidator: A company that offers services in order to facilitate delivery for un-group shipments, orders, products, etc.

Degassing: Degassing means opening the bottle and allowing the gasses to blow away under licensed ‘gas doctor’ supervision

Delivered at Frontier: Delivered At Frontier (DAF) means that when the cleared goods were delivered at the designated border crossing, at the designated boundary, before the customs frontier of the neighbouring country, the seller fulfills his delivery obligation.

Delivered at Place: Price and risk transfer occurs when the goods are not washed and removed from the means of transport arriving and are available to the customer at the negotiated destination. The seller has fulfilled his obligation to deliver as long as the goods are not cleaned and unloaded from the means of transport arriving, they are available at the accepted destination.

Delivered at Terminal : Cost and risk transfer occurs when the goods are not cleaned and unloaded from the means of transport arriving and are accessible to the buyer at the negotiated destination terminal. The seller has fulfilled his obligation to deliver on the negotiated destination terminal as long as the goods are not cleared and unloaded from the arriving means of transport.

Delivered Duty Paid(agreed place of destination) Cost and risk transfer occurs after custom cleared goods and duties paid, but not discharged, made available to the customer at the designated destination location. The vendor has fulfilled his obligation to deliver when the products are tailored and taxes on imports are charged, not unloaded at the purchaser’s disposal at the named place of destination.

Delivered Duty Unpaid: Delivered Duty Unpaid (DDU) means that when the goods have been delivered at the designated location in the importing country, the vendor fulfills his delivery obligation. The seller bears the risks and costs associated with transportation to that location, with the exception of duty, taxes and other official levies payable upon importation and excluding the costs to be met for customs formalities.

Delivered Ex Quay (DEQ): Delivered Ex Quay (DEQ) including duties means that when the cleared goods were delivered to the purchaser at the quay (loading jetty) in the specified port of destination the seller fulfills his delivery obligation. The retailer assumes the full risks and costs in connection with the local delivery of the products including tariffs, taxes, and other levies

Delivered Ex Ship (DES): Delivered Ex Ship (DES) means that when the non-cleared goods have been shipped to the buyer on board the vessel in the specified port of destination, the seller fulfills his delivery obligation. The seller assumes the full risks and costs associated with transportation to that destination port.

Delivery Appointment : The time negotiated between two companies for arrival at a designated place for goods or transport equipment

Delivery conditions: This is an arrangement that ensures that contractual terms are honored. If not, it is due to financial reward.

Delivery Instructions: A contract given to a carrier for the collection and delivery of goods to another location

Delivery Note: If goods delivered on one Bill of Lading are sold during shipment by sea, the purchaser selling the goods must send a delivery order or delivery note to the different customers, each for their share of the load they have ordered. The delivery notice is a document that is given at the request of the original recipient of the cargo to the new receivers. Which means the Lading Bills may be split up. As a result of the issuance of a delivery note, the initial Bills of Lading are cancelled.

Delivery order: A document given to the ocean carrier by the customs broker as the authority to discharge the cargo to the appropriate party.

Delivery Performance to commit Date: The proportion of orders received on or before the internal commit date used as an indicator of the effectiveness of the internal scheduling systems. Delivery calculations are based on the date of shipment of a full order or the ship’s complete order date. A full order shall have all items delivered in the amounts listed on the order. To be deemed fulfilled an order must be complete.

Delivery Performance to  Request date:  The proportion of orders received on or before the internal commit date used as an indicator of the effectiveness of the internal scheduling systems. Delivery calculations are based on the date of shipment of a full order or the ship’s complete order date. A full order shall have all items delivered in the amounts listed on the order. To be deemed fulfilled an order must be complete.

Delivery terms: International agreements on international transport of goodsThe contract allows for regular arrangements separating costs and risks between seller and buyer. The first Incoterms appeared as early as 1932. The Incoterms are developed and distributed by the Chamber of Commerce International. In 1990 the Incoterms were modified. The justification for this change was because electronic data traffic was widely used. The English text is the original and legal edition of the 2000 Incoterms, which the Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) adopted. Certified 31-language translations are available at the regional chambers of commerce. The Incoterms 2010 are listed in 2011.

Delta Nu Alpha: A professional association of transportation and traffic practitioners

Demurrage: The carrier fees and charges incurred when rail freight cars and ships are retained after a stated loading or unloading period.

Density:  A physical feature that calculates the mass of a material per unit volume or pounds per cubic foot; an important factor in rate making, as density affects the use of the vehicle of a carrier.

Density rate: A rate dependent on density and the weight of the shipment.

Destination: The location of the goods / shipment receiving point.

Detention: The carrier fees and charges incurred when rail freight cars and ships are retained after a stated loading or unloading period.

Devanning: The unloading of cargo from a container or other piece of equipment

DFZ Duty free zone

DGD Hazardous Goods Declaration: DGD is the acronym for Hazardous Goods Declaration and must be provided by the freight company in accordance with the IMDG law. The shipping company must decide on the basis of this information whether the goods can be approved for transport. The shipping company may refuse the cargo if this information is not given in time or if it is incorrect.

DGI Defective goods inventory

DGPS Differential global positioning system

Differential: A discount offered by a carrier facing a time disadvantage in terms of service over a route.

Dimensional weight: A calculated weight based on the required minimum density. Density is the mass per cubic foot of a freight shipment. It is computed by the minimum density requirement dividing the volume of shipments.

Direct Ship: Ship without consolidation and under one MAWB i.e. non-consolidation.

Direct Shipment: Sending the goods to customer without a storage operation.

Direct Store Delivery(DSD): : Method of shipment directly from the plant or distribution center of a supplier to the retail store of the consumer, thereby bypassing the distribution center of the customer

DISA data Interchange Standards Association

Disbursements: Disbursements are all costs that the agents incurred in a port for the vessel. Think about harbor duties, cost of loading and unloading, tugs, provisions, etc. Throughout ocean marine insurance policies, the term disbursements applies to all shipping company expenditures prior to the start of a voyage, such as bunker costs, supplies, inventory, outgoing port duties etc.

Discharge Port: The name of the port where the export vessel unloads the freight. This is the port it registered to the United States. Census of the Declaration of Exports of the Shipper, Schedule K, used by U.S. companies when exporting. This can also be considered the first discharge port.

Dispatch money: Dispatch money is the payment made to charterers in case they don’t make full use of the demurrage days that the charter party permits. Money for dispatch is only paid when the charter committee explicitly stipulates. That’s the opposite of money demurrage.

Dispatching: The carrier operations involved in operating equipment; includes power, drivers, crews, equipment and terminal space arrangements

Distribution: Outbound logistics, from the end of the line of output to end consumer. The activities related to the transportation of products from the manufacturer to the consumer, usually finished goods or service pieces. Such operations include the functions of shipping, warehousing, inventory control, material handling, order management, site and location analysis, industrial packaging, data processing, and the communications network needed for effective management. This covers all physical distribution-related activities, as well as returning the products to the producer. In many cases this movement is made across one or more field warehouses stages.

Distribution Centre (DC): The manufacturing facility that maintains product from production to the correct stores awaiting shipment.

Distribution Channel: One or more companies or individuals involved in the movement of goods and services from the producer to the end-user or customer

Distribution Network: A network that recognizes variables such as warehouses, routes, distribution points, etc. from the product forwarding locations to the delivery locations during the process.

Distribution planning: The preparation activities to support distribution related to transportation, warehousing, inventory levels, materials storage, order management, site and location planning, industrial packaging, data processing, and communication networks.

Distribution requirements planning (DRP): A method for evaluating inventory demands at distribution centers and strengthening information on demand in reverse as input to the production and materials network.

Distribution warehouse: A warehouse of finished goods, from which a company assembles customer orders.

Dock receipt:  A document used to accept materials or equipment in or accepted location at an ocean pier. Provides receipt verification to the ocean carrier, and proof of delivery to the delivery carrier.

Dock leveller : A piece of equipment allowing the handling equipment to shift between the warehouse and the body of the vehicle. The shifting shape reduces the gap in height between different-height vehicle bodies and the warehouse floor, serving like a bridge in between.

Domestic trunk line carrier: A designation for air carriers operating between the major centers of population. These carriers are now listed as major transport companies

Door to Door: The through-transport of goods from consignor to consignee

Door to port: The through transport service from consignor to port of importation

DPP: Damage Protection Plan (DPP) is an extra container cover, given to its customers by the container leasing companies. When the customer pays a small daily offering, he is covered by the leasing company against certain forms of damage or maintenance costs for the containers it rents.

Draft: Draft is the depth at which a ship is sunk into the water. The depth will vary depending on the ship’s size and will be greater or less depending not only on the ship’s weight and all on board but also on the water density in which the ship sits.

Drawback: Drawback is reimbursement by a government, in whole or in part, of customs duties appraised on imported merchandise which is then exported. Regulations and procedures related to downside differ across countries.

Drawback Duty Drawback

Drayage: The facility a motor carrier provides for the collection and distribution of ocean containers or rail containers. Dryage agents usually handle ocean and rail carrier containers full load.

Drayage Firms : Motor carriers that provide trailers and containers (on chassis) for local pickup and distribution

Driving time regulations:

Drop

Drop Ship:  Taking the product title but not necessarily storing, processing or distributing it, e.g., making one supplier ship directly to another or having a supplier ship directly to the buyer’s client.

Dry van (DV): Dry Van, or general purpose; the standard 20Ft and 40Ft containers

Dual Operation: A motor carrier which has both a common operating authority and a contract carrier.

Dual rate System: An international water carrier pricing scheme in which a conference-signing shipper charges a rate 10 to 15 percent more than non-signing shippers do for an equivalent shipment.

DUNS Number: A coded, numerical representation assigned to a specific company (USA).

Duty: A tax imposed on goods imported from another nation by a State

Duty Drawback: A refund of duty paid on imported goods when it is later sold, whether in the same form or another.

Dwell Time: The period of time the load is not physically moving

Dynamic Process Control(DPC)