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C & F Cost and freight: The seller quotes a price that includes the transport costs to a particular point. The customer accepts responsibility for the loss and damage and pays for the shipping policy.

C-sum customs depot: A customs warehouse type-C is a privately held bonded warehouse. This means the customs warehouse manager (the warehouse maintainer) is the only person allowed to store goods there. For that matter, those goods need not be his property; he may store goods for others as well. The warehouse keeper still remains liable to the customs for the imported goods..

Cabotage: A federal law that allows US-built and licensed ships to carry coastal and inter-coastal traffic.

CADEX Custom automated data exchange system

CAF currency adjustment factor: A surcharge levied by a carrier on rates for ocean freight to cover fluctuations in foreign currency.

CAGE: A protected enclosed space where highly valuable objects are stored (2) A pallet-sized platform with sides that can be attached to a forklift’s tines, and where a person can ride to stock items stored well above the warehouse floor.

Caged: This refers to the practice of putting high-value or sensitive items within a warehouse in a fenced-off area.

CARAT: Cargo Agents Reservation Air Waybill Issuance and Tracking

Cargo list: The cargo list is a list of the goods that are on board the vessel when entering a port. A detailed description of the goods to be unloaded from the vessel in that port is given in the chart. The cargo list must be sent to Customs at the time of arrival.

Cargo manifest: A list of the goods to be shipped or warehoused, without specifying the fees.

Cargo Retention Clauses(CRT): Charterers also adopted Shipment Retention Clauses (CRT) because of shortages of supplies due to rising oil prices.

Cargo tracking note: If you are transporting to or from one of the listed countries, you will need specific paperwork on the waiver certificate to clear customs.

Carnet: A customs paper that enables the holder to temporarily bring or send specific categories of goods to certain foreign countries without paying duty or posting bonds.

Carriage and insurance paid to (CIP): C Arrival and compensation Payable to (destination agreed), non-maritime situation. Transfer of costs occurs after delivery of the goods to the negotiated destination. Danger transfer happens at the time the goods are being offered for shipment to take care of the (first) carrier as in the FCA and CPT.

Carriage paid to: Carriage Payable To, CPT, (destination location agreed), non-maritime contract. Transfer of costs happens after delivery of the goods to the negotiated destination. Risk transfer is already taking place at the time the goods are being offered for shipment to be placed in the possession of the (first) carrier as in FCA. For FCL, this usually means after loading the plant or on the seller’s property and with LCL generally after delivery of the products designated by the seller himself to the carrier. When the goods are under the control of the carrier appointed and identified by the seller, the seller has fulfilled his obligation to deliver. For FCL this usually means when the goods are loaded in the outgoing means of transport in the factory or in the seller’s sector. For an LCL, this is typically the moment the seller delivered the goods at the warehouse allocated for consolidation.

Carriage haulage: Carrier transport is when a shipment is taken care of by the shipping company itself, both provisional and subsequent. It is also referred to as the freight forwarder

Carrier: A firm that transports goods or people via land, sea, or air

Carrier Assets: Items that a carrier owns (technically or outright) to facilitate the services they provide.

Carrier Certificate And Release order: Used to notify customs on specifics of the shipment. The carrier certifies, through this document, that the company or individual specified in the certificate is the owner or consignee of the cargo

Carrier Liability: A common carrier shall be liable for all injuries, damages, and delays caused by the act of God, the act of a public enemy, the act of a public authority, the act of the shipper and intrinsic character of the goods

Cartage :  There are two definitions for this term: 1) charge for pick-up and delivery of goods 2) movement of goods locally (short distances).

Cartage agent : A ground transportation company delivering freight pick-up and distribution at places that are not directly served by an air or ocean carrier.

CAS Calamity abatement support

Cash against Goods: Payment method which includes payment of the exported goods costs after the importer takes delivery of the goods.

Cash In Advance (CIA): A form of payment for goods by which the buyer pays the seller before the goods are shipped.

Cash with order: A method of payment for goods where, at the time of the request, cash is paid and the contract is binding on both buyer and seller.

Catalog channel : A call center or order processing facility that collects orders directly from the customer and ships directly to the customer

CBM cubic meter

CCNR: central commission for the navigation of the rhine

Certificate of Compliance: Certification by a manufacturer that the products or services in question meet defined requirements.

Certificate of Conformance:  A Certificate of Conformance is a document issued by a competent authority that the product or service supplied meets the requirements necessary. Often called a Conformance Certificate or a Compliance Certificate.

Certificate of Conformity Certificate of Conformance

Certificate of Insurance Certificate of Conformance

Certificate of Origin : A certificate of origin is an official document which states which nation or group of nations has manufactured a certain product.

Certified Carrier: A Certificate of Origin is an official document that states which nation or group of nations created a particular product.

Certified packaging : Certified packaging is done using Heat Treatment equipment. It refers to the treatment and disinfection of wood and dunnage packaging in compliance with international regulations

CETA Comprehensive Economic trade Agreement: a new trade agreement between the EU and Canada.

CFS Container freight station: The location assigned by carriers for freight receipts to be packed by the carrier in containers/equipment. At the destination, CFS is the location the carrier designates to unpack the cargo from the equipment/containers

CFS/CFS Container freight station to Container freight station: A type of steamship-line service that carries cargo between container freight stations, where containers can be stuffed, stripped, or consolidated. Typically used for shipments of loads less than containers.

Channel Conflict: This happens when different channels of distribution within the supply chain of a company compete with each other for the same market. An example of this is where a distribution site competes with the company’s web-based platform.

Channel Partners: Supply chain members (i.e. vendors, producers, distributors, retailers, etc.) working together to produce, distribute and sell a particular product.

Chargeable weight: The weight of shipments used to assess freight charges. The chargeable weight may be the dimensional weight or the gross weight of the product less the tare weight of the container for container shipments.

Charging area: A manufacturing area where a company retains battery chargers and extra batteries to support the handling equipment for a fleet of electrically powered products. The business has to keep this region in line with government safety regulations.

Charter Service: Arrangement of a temporary transport service for the transportation of freight or passengers on the occasion required.

China import service fee(CISF): All LCL imports from China / Hong Kong are paying a China Import Service Fee (CISF). That is the result of recent changes in the industry. Unfortunately there are a variety of warehouses that have to pay different unloading costs.

CIF Cash Insurance and Freight: A freight word implying that the seller is liable for expenses, maritime insurance and freight charges on an ocean freight shipment.

CL Carload Service: Carload rail service requiring shipper to meet minimum weight

Claim:  A charge made against a carrier for loss, damage, delay, or overcharge

Class I Carrier: A list of managed carriers based on annual operating income — property carriers; $5 million; railroads; $50 million; passenger carriers; $3 million.

Class II Carrier: A list of managed carriers based on annual operating revenues — property motor carriers: $1-$5 million; railroads: $10-$50 million; passenger motor carriers: $3 million.

Class III Carrier : A grouping of limited carriers based on annual operating revenues — property motor carriers: $1 million; $10 million for railroads.

Class 1 railroad : A US-owned line freight railroad with operating revenue reaching $272.0 million. There are seven (7) United States Class 1 Railroads. Two Mexican and two Canadian railroads, if they were US companies, would also count.

Class rates : Under one general heading a grouping of goods or services. All of the items in the community form a class. The freight rates which apply to all class items are called “class rates.”

Classification yard : A railway terminal area in which railcars are clustered together to form groups of trains.

Clean bill of Lading: Clean Bill of Lading is a Bill of Lading issued by the carrier, claiming that the items have been shipped in good order and that they are without fault. This Bill of Lading is only provided after all things have been thoroughly inspected

Clean on board: A clean Bill of Lading with the additional word “safe on board” is provided Which means, as far as the shipping company can see, the goods have been obtained in good order and in good condition.

Clearance: An agreement specifying that once all legal requirements have been met a shipment is free to be imported into the country.


CLM Council of Logistics Management

Closing: Closing is the average time it takes to complete loading and unloading operations. Goods must be shipped in time for shipping. Often known as Estimated Time of Completion.

CMI Co-managed inventory

Co-Destiny:  Creation of the supply chain from intra-agency management to inter-organizational management.

Costal carriers: Water carriers operating ports on the Atlantic or Pacific Oceans or on the Gulf of Mexico service along coasts.

COFC Container on Flat Car:  A container transported on a rail flatcar. Using a chassis as the wheel section it can be shipped via tractor/trailer.

Collective paper: All records (commercial invoices, lading bills, etc.) sent to a seller for payment on a shipment.

Combi Airfact: An aircraft designed specifically for carrying unitized cargo loads on the craft’s upper deck, forward of the passenger area.

Combined Transporation:  The transportation system, in which roads are used during the beginning and end stages of the shipment and in which long-distance transport includes shipping by train, river, canal, or sea.

Combined Lead time, Cumulative lead time: The cumulative amount of time it takes to source, create, and ship a product.

Commercial Invoice: A document created by the seller. It is an official document that is used to denote the name and address of the buyer and seller, the product(s) being delivered, and their value for customs, insurance, or other purposes, among other items.

Commercial zone : The area surrounding a town or town to which the city or town quote rate carriers also applies; the region is specified by the ICC.

Commodities Clause: A provision banning railroads from transporting goods they have produced, mined, owned or had an interest in.

Commodity Buying: Grouping like parts or components for the procurement of all production support requirements under the supervision of one buyer.

Community goods: Community goods are goods still in free trade in the European Union. As such, no import duties on these items are payable.

Community transport: Transport by Community means of transport between two EU countries, Norway or Switzerland. Whether non-EU countries are involved in transport does not matter. The carrier does not need to be set up in the country of departure or arrival.

Commuter: An excluded air carrier for hire that publishes a time schedule on specific routes; a particular type of air taxi.

Complete manufacture to ship time:  Average time from when a product is determined to be shippable by manufacturing to the point where the unit actually ships to a client.

Conference: A consortium of vessel operators collaborated to set freight tariffs.

Conference Carrier: An ocean carrier who is a member of an organization known as a “conference.” The conference’s aim is to standardize shipping procedures, reduce competition in freight rates and provide regularly scheduled service between different ports.

Confirming Order: A purchase order given before the normal contract document to a supplier listing the goods or services and terms of an order placed verbally or otherwise before it.

Congestion: It is conceivable that the handling of incoming and outgoing vessels may be delayed due to all kinds of port-related problems. This is what is called congestion. This delay is of such a technical nature in some ports, that the mooring time of vessels in these ports entails additional costs. A supplementary surcharge is levied on the sea freight to account for those prices.

Connossement: In the transport agreement, called a Bill of Lading (B / L), the terms for transportation of goods by sea are set out. It is the carrier selling the Bill of Lading. The form of chartering arrangement or charter party decides the carrier: it is the shipowner in the case of travel chartering, and the charterer in the case of time chartering and bare hull chartering.

Consignment:  Distribution of products from an exporter (the consignor) to an agent (the consignee) on the understanding that the agent sells the goods for the exporter’s account. The consignor shall hold title to the products until they have been sold. The consignee sells the goods for sale and hands over the net proceeds to the shipper.

Consignor: The group that originates a product (shipper) shipment. The source of a freight shipment, usually the seller.

Consignment Inventory: Goods or products which are paid for when sold by the reseller, and not when delivered to the reseller. (2) Goods or products that are the vendor’s own until they are marketed to the customer.

Consignee: The party which ships and delivers goods to. The owner of a freight shipment.

Consignation: A form of trade that involves moving goods to foreign buyers, brokers or representatives of exporters abroad to finish the final sales later on. The individuals or organizations that take delivery of the goods sell them at market value, subtract commissions and similar expenses from the sales revenue, and send the remaining amount through the approved bank in foreign currency to the exporter.

Consolidation: In order to handle a small lot of consignment in an effective and profitable manner, freight forwarders usually put several consignments in one lot and then tender for forwarding to the carrier. In this case, each consignment will be shipped with one HAWB and all of them will be under one master AWB, respectively.

Consolidator: A company that provides group shipments, orders, and/or consumer facilities to promote movement.

Consolidator’s Bill of landing :  A lading bill issued by a consolidator as a stock receipt to be combined with other shippers ‘ cargo.


Consular Declaration: A written statement sent to a country’s consul identifying goods to be delivered to the country of that consul. Approval must be obtained before shipment is made.

Consular Invoice : A text, required by some foreign countries, describing a shipment of goods and showing details such as the shipment’s consignor, consignee, and value. Certified by a foreign country consular officer, it is used by the practice of the region.

Consumption Entry: An official customs form used to announce the registered items, often showing the total customs duties owed on such transactions.

Container: A package that is usually 10 to 40 feet long and used mainly for ocean freight shipments. Containers are mounted onto truck chassis or on railroad flatcars for moving to and from ports. (2) Packaging, such as a container, package, box, bucket, tank, bin, bottle, set, or pocket, packaging and shipping an object in.

Container Yard: An FCL (full container load) storage facility and empty containers that are obtained from or shipped by or on behalf of a carrier to consignors or consignees. It also offers a venue where consignors can collect products for packaging into containers.

Container Chassis: A vehicle built to carry a container so that when a container and chassis are assembled, the unit created serves as a trailer to the road.

Container Depot: The storage area for empty containers.

Container freight station charge: The location assigned by carriers for freight receipts to be packed by the carrier in containers/equipment. At the destination, CFS is the position the carrier has assigned to unpack the freight from the equipment/containers.

Container hire: The price paid to their customers by shipping companies for the use of their containers after leaving the terminal outside the free period. Such charge is referred to as demurrage, as long as the container is still at the terminal outside this free period.

Container ID: An identifier assigned to a container by a carrier

Container Interchange report: A report on container interchange is a document that gives a detailed overview of a container’s outward condition when the container moves from one responsible holder to another. When damage to a container has occurred, it can be determined by preparing an exchange report for each move and the party who had the container in his possession during that time can be held liable.

Container service charge : Container service charges (CSC or THC) are additional costs, in addition to sea freight, paid by the shipping company for container handling at the container terminal prior to loading onboard a vessel.

Containerization: A shipping system in which commodities are packed in containers and the commodities, perse, after initial loading, are not re-handled in shipment until they are unloaded at destination.

Container terminal: An area reserved for holding cargo in containers which can be accessed by truck, rail or ocean transport.

Container Vessel: A vessel designed specifically for transporting containers

Container yard: The position assigned by the carrier for container receiving, assembly, storing, storage and distribution, and where containers may be picked up by shippers or shipped by consignees.

Container yard to Container yard(CY/CY): A type of steamship-line service where freight is transferred from the container yard of origin to the container yard of destination.

Contract: An arrangement between two or more qualified individuals or companies performing or not performing specific acts or services or providing merchandise. A contract may be made either verbally or in writing. A purchase order becomes a contract upon approval by a manufacturer. Approval may be in writing or by results unless written approval is necessary for the purchase order.

Contract Administration

Contract Carrier: A for-hire carrier that does not represent the general populace but serves shippers who have a continuing contract with the carrier. The contract carrier must obtain an operating licence.

Contract of Affreightment: A deal between a freight shipper and carrier over a period of time to transport several cargoes. Contracts are negotiated individually and typically include cargo summary, quantities per shipment and total loading and unloading ports, freight rates and contract length.

Contract Warehouse: A warehouse in which warehousing activities are conducted according to a contract on behalf of the customer(s).

Convention on the Contract for the International carriage of Goods by road: Classification of road haulage in countries that have signed off the terms of the international CMR Convention. This means that transportation is carried out in accordance with CMR provisions. It is drawn up by the sender or the logistics company on behalf of the buyer.

Conveyance: The framework used to define a transfer vehicle’s role

Conveyor: A device for handling materials that moves freight from one warehouse area to another. Roller conveyors use gravity while belt conveyors use engines

COO: A Certificate of Origin is an official document specifying in which country or group of countries a particular product was manufactured

Coordinated Transportation: Two or more carriers carrying a product in different modes.

Corner post: That corner of a container has an angled screw. This is a steel cylinder, designed outwards with an oval window. These openings are used to lift or secure the containers on board a vessel, boat, railway carriage, or to attach the container to another container.

COTD Complete and On-time Delivery: A Customer Service Analysis. All products must be delivered on time on any given order for the order to be deemed complete and on schedule.

Countervailing Duties: An extra import duty levied on the exporting country to cover government subsidies when the subsidized products in the importing country cause material damage to the domestic industry.

Country of Destination: The country which for goods will be the ultimate or final destination.

Courier Service: For highly valued products and documents, a simple, door-to-door service; firms usually limit service to shipments weighing fifty pounds or less.

Critical Value Analysis: An updated ABC analysis in which each object in an inventory is given a subjective critical value by a firm.

Crossdock: A warehouse cross-dock process involves moving goods between different trucks to combine loads without intermediate storage

Cross docking: A distribution system in which product purchased at the warehouse or distribution center is not disposed of, but ready for shipment to retail stores instead. Cross-docking requires close coordination of all movements of the inbound and outbound shipments. It can substantially reduce the cost of distribution by removing the put-away, transport, and selection operations.

Cross Shipment: Material movement operation in which goods are delivered from a secondary shipping point to consumers, rather than from a primary shipping point.

Cross Trade: Remote shipment of goods if they are not delivered to one country or shipped from the same country. In consultation with one of our overseas departments, a cross-trade protocol is often set up so as to be physically present, as it were, to look after the client’s interests.

Cubage: Cubic volume of space being used or available for shipping or storage.

Cube out: The situation where a piece of equipment has exceeded its volumetric potential before hitting the weight limit that was required.

Cube Utilization: In warehousing, a measure of usage of a vehicle or warehouse’s total storage space.

Cubic Capacity: The carrying capacity of a piece of equipment, measured in cubic feet

Cubic Space: In warehousing, a measure of available space, or needed, in transportation and storage.

Cumulative lead time : The total amount of time it takes to source, create, and ship a product.

Cumulative Source/Make Cycle time : The average internal and external lead time for the manufacture of the shippable product, given there is no stock on hand, no components or parts on order and no previous forecasts with suppliers

Currency Adjustment Factor (CAF): A surcharge levied on ocean freight rates by a carrier to cover fluctuations in foreign currency.

Currency Surcharge: When the cargo is payable in foreign exchange and this exchange is subject to significant fluctuations in the exchange rate, the shipping company often levies a currency surcharge or CAF (Currency Adjustment Factor) to cover such exchange rate risks. We are often paid as a percentage on the standard sea freight.

Customer-Supplier partnership: A long-term partnership is characterized by cooperation and mutual trust between a buyer and a supplier. The retailer is considered an extension of the organization of the customer. The relationship draws on a number of commitments. The buyer offers long-term contracts and is using fewer suppliers. The retailer is introducing quality assurance procedures to reduce incoming inspection. The manufacturer also helps the customer cut costs and improve product designs and process designs.

Customs: The authorities appointed for collecting duties on imports and exports imposed by a government.

Customs Automated Data Exchange System(CADEX): A Canada Customs system which allows for the electronic transmission of data on imports for goods already issued. There is also access to additional information such as account details and notices of issuance.

Customs broker: A company which represents importers/exporters in customs dealings. Normally responsible for obtaining and sending all documents relating to the clearance of goods through customs, arranging inland transportation and paying all fees relevant to these functions.

Customs Clearance: The act of obtaining permission from another country to import merchandise into the importing nation.

Customs declaration: A declaration document specifying the specifications, dimensions, and characteristics of the products which are due to enter or exit customs offices or the region, or which are subject to transit or other transactions. It is written in copies.

Customs duties: Customs duties or import duties are taxes that countries impose to protect their domestic markets from foreign products. They act as a trading cap to provide a head start for domestic products.Import duties on goods shall be imposed on the basis of the statistical code, country of origin and statistical value or per unit (of weight) in the case of some agricultural products.

Customs house broker: An organization that manages the transportation of international shipments via customs, and maintains complete and accurate documentation accompanying a shipment.

Customs Invoice: A paper, required by customs officials of some foreign countries to check the value, quantity, and existence of the shipment, identify the shipment of goods and display information such as the consignor, consignor, and shipment value.

Customs inward clearance: Declaration of incoming goods for import purposes to customs and release for free circulation. These goods come from outside the European Union and through this administrative process will be subject to customs duties. Such customs duties may include taxes on imports, VAT on goods, excise duties and agricultural levies.

Customs permit: A customs document indicating that all legal requirements have been met and that the vehicle may depart.

Customs registration: Submitting the customs declaration prepared by the exporter, importer or customs agent for customs clearance so that the products can be imported.

Customs Value: The value of the imported goods on which duties will be assessed.

CH WT Chargeable Weight: Chargeable weight (CW) or paying weight was developed as an air freight conversion factor for bridging the gap between volume and weight. After all, 1,000 kilograms of feathers need more than 1,000 kilograms of lead in volume. A conversion factor was called into being so as to be able to charge this disparity equally.

CWT: The abbreviation for hundredweight, which is the equivalent of 100 pounds. See Hundredweight.

CY/CY Container yard to Container Yard.

CYRC Container Yard Receiving Charge